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Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Solutions For Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds

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Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds

Download NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chenistry

(Link of Pdf file is given below at the end of the Questions List)

In this pdf file you can see answers of following Questions

NCERT Solutions Exercises Questions

Question  9.1 Explain the bonding in coordination compounds in terms of Werner’s postulates.

Question  9.2 FeSO4 solution mixed with (NH4)2SO4 solution in 1:1 molar ratio gives the test of Fe2+ ion but CuSO4 solution mixed with aqueous ammonia in 1:4 molar ratio does not give the test of Cu2+ ion. Explain why?

Question  9.3 Explain with two examples each of the following: coordination entity, ligand, coordination number, coordination polyhedron, homoleptic and heteroleptic.

Question  9.4 What is meant by unidentate, didentate and ambidentate ligands? Give two examples for each.

Question  9.5 Specify the oxidation numbers of the metals in the following coordination entities:
(i) [Co(H2O)(CN)(en)2]2+
(ii) [CoBr2(en)2]+
(iii) [PtCl4]2–
(iv) K3[Fe(CN)6]
(v) [Cr(NH3)3Cl3 ]

Question  9.6 Using IUPAC norms write the formulas for the following:
(i) Tetrahydroxozincate(II)
(ii) Potassium tetrachloridopalladate(II)
(iii) Diamminedichloridoplatinum(II)
(iv) Potassium tetracyanonickelate(II)
(v) Pentaamminenitrito-O-cobalt(III)
(vi) Hexaamminecobalt(III) sulphate
(vii) Potassium tri(oxalato)chromate(III)
(viii) Hexaammineplatinum(IV)
(ix) Tetrabromidocuprate(II)
(x) Pentaamminenitrito-N-cobalt(III)

Question  9.7 Using IUPAC norms write the systematic names of the following:
(i) [Co(NH3)6]Cl3
(ii) [Pt(NH3)2Cl(NH2CH3)]Cl
(iii) [Ti(H2O)6]3+
(iv) [Co(NH3)4Cl(NO2)]Cl
(v) [Mn(H2O)6]2+
(vi) [NiCl4]2–
(vii) [Ni(NH3)6]Cl2
(viii) [Co(en)3]3+
(ix) [Ni(CO)4]

Question  9.8 List various types of isomerism possible for coordination compounds, giving an example of each.

Question  9.9 How many geometrical isomers are possible in the following coordination entities?
(i) [Cr(C2O4)3]3–
(ii) [Co(NH3)3Cl3]

Question  9.10 Draw the structures of optical isomers of:
(i) [Cr(C2O4)3]3– (ii) [PtCl2(en)2]2+
(iii) [Cr(NH3)2Cl2(en)]+ 259 Coordination Compounds

Question  9.11 Draw all the isomers (geometrical and optical) of:
(i) [CoCl2(en)2]+
(ii) [Co(NH3)Cl(en)2]2+
(iii) [Co(NH3)2Cl2(en)]+

Question  9.12 Write all the geometrical isomers of [Pt(NH3)(Br)(Cl)(py)] and how many of these will exhibit optical isomers?

Question  9.13 Aqueous copper sulphate solution (blue in colour) gives: (i) a green precipitate with aqueous potassium fluoride and (ii) a bright green solution with aqueous potassium chloride. Explain these experimental results.

Question  9.14 What is the coordination entity formed when excess of aqueous KCN is added to an aqueous solution of copper sulphate? Why is it that no precipitate of copper sulphide is obtained when H2S(g) is passed through this solution?

Question  9.15 Discuss the nature of bonding in the following coordination entities on the basis of valence bond theory:
(i) [Fe(CN)6]4–
(ii) [FeF6]3–
(iii) [Co(C2O4)3]3–
(iv) [CoF6]3–

Question  9.16 Draw figure to show the splitting of d orbitals in an octahedral crystal field.

Question  9.17 What is spectrochemical series? Explain the difference between a weak field ligand and a strong field ligand.

Question  9.18 What is crystal field splitting energy? How does the magnitude of Δo decide the actual configuration of d orbitals in a coordination entity?

Question  9.19 [Cr(NH3)6]3+ is paramagnetic while [Ni(CN)4]2– is diamagnetic. Explain why?

Question  9.20 A solution of [Ni(H2O)6]2+ is green but a solution of [Ni(CN)4]2– is colourless. Explain.

Question  9.21 [Fe(CN)6]4– and [Fe(H2O)6]2+ are of different colours in dilute solutions. Why?

Question  9.22 Discuss the nature of bonding in metal carbonyls.

Question  9.23 Give the oxidation state, d orbital occupation and coordination number of the central metal ion in the following complexes:
(i) K3[Co(C2O4)3]
(iii) (NH4)2[CoF4]
(ii) cis-[Cr(en)2Cl2]C l
(iv) [Mn(H2O)6]SO4

Question  9.24 Write down the IUPAC name for each of the following complexes and indicate the oxidation state, electronic configuration and coordination number. Also give stereochemistry and magnetic moment of the complex:
(i) K[Cr(H2O)2(C2O4)2].3H2O
(ii) [Co(NH3)5Cl-]Cl2
(iii) CrCl3(py)3
(iv) Cs[FeCl4
](v) K4[Mn(CN)6]

Question  9.25 What is meant by stability of a coordination compound in solution? State the factors which govern stability of complexes.

Question  9.26 What is meant by the chelate effect? Give an example. 9

Question  9.27 Discuss briefly giving an example in each case the role of coordination compounds in:
(i) biological systems
(iii) analytical chemistry
(ii) medicinal chemistry
(iv) extraction/metallurgy of metals.

Question  9.28 How many ions are produced from the complex Co(NH3)6Cl2 in solution?
(i) 6
(ii) 4
(iii) 3
(iv) 2

Question  9.29 Amongst the following ions which one has the highest magnetic moment value?
(i) [Cr(H2O)6]3+
(ii) [Fe(H2O)6]2+
(iii) [Zn(H2O)6]2+

Question  9.30 The oxidation number of cobalt in K[Co(CO)4] is
(i) +1
(ii) +3
(iii) –1
(iv) –3

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