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Ncert Solutions For Class 9 English Chapter 10 Kathmandu

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Question 1:
Answer these questions in one or two words or in short phrases.
1. Name the two temples the author visited in Kathmandu.
2. The writer says, “All this I wash down with Coca Cola.” What does ‘all this’ referto?
3. What does Vikram Seth compare to the quills of a porcupine?
4. Name five kinds of flutes.

Answer:
1.
The two temples the author visited in Kathmandu were the Pashupatinath templeand the Baudhnath stupa.
2. ‘All this’ refers to a bar of marzipan, a corn5on5the5cob roasted in a charcoal stove(rubbed with salt, chilli powder and lemon), a couple of love story comics, and aReader’s Digest.
3. Vikram Seth compares the fifty or sixty bansuris protruding in all directions fromthe bamboo5made pole to the quills of a porcupine.
4. The five kinds of flutes are the reed neh, the Japanese shakuhachi, the deepbansuri of Hindustani classical music, the clear or breathy flutes of South America,and the high5pitched Chinese flutes.

Question 2:
Answer each question in a short paragraph.
1. What difference does the author note between the flute seller and the other hawkers?
2. What is the belief at Pashupatinath about the end of Kaliyug?
3. The author has drawn powerful images and pictures. Pick out three examples each of
(i) the atmosphere of ‘febrile confusion’ outside the temple of Pashupatinath (forexample: some people trying to get the priest’s attention are elbowed aside…)
(ii) the things he sees
(iii) the sounds he hears

Answer:
1.
The author notes that the flute seller selected a flute from time to time and playedit for a few minutes. The sound rose clearly above the noise of the traffic and thehawkers’ cries. While the flute seller played slowly, meditatively, and withoutexcessive display, the hawkers shouted out their wares.
2. At Pashupatinath, there is a small shrine that protrudes from the stone platformon the river bank. The belief is that when it emerges fully, the goddess inside willescape, and the evil period of Kaliyug will end on earth.
3. (i) The author has drawn powerful images and pictures of the atmosphere of ‘febrileconfusion’ outside the temple of Pashupatinath. Many worshippers trying to get thepriest’s attention were elbowed aside by others pushing their way to the front. Onthe main gate, a party of saffron5clad Westerners struggled for permission to enteras only Hindus were allowed to enter the temple. A fight broke out between twomonkeys. One was chasing the other, who jumped onto a shivalinga, then ranscreaming around the temples and down to the river, the holy Bagmati.
(ii) He saw that the Baudhnath Stupa had an immense white dome, which wasringed by a road. Small shops were there on the outer edge where felt bags, Tibetanprints and silver jewellery could be bought. There were no crowds there. On thebusiest streets of Kathmandu, he saw fruit sellers, flute sellers, hawkers ofpostcards, shops selling Western cosmetics, film rolls, chocolate, copper utensils andNepalese antiques.
(iii) The sounds he heard were film songs that were blaring out from the radios, carhorns, bicycle bells, vendors shouting out their wares. He also listened to flutemusic, calling it the most universal and most particular of sounds.

Question 3:
Answer the following questions in not more than 100 − 150 words each.
1. Compare and contrast the atmosphere in and around the Baudhnath shrine withthe Pashupathinath temple.
2. How does the author describe Kathmandu’s busiest streets?
3. “To hear any flute is to be drawn into the commonality of all mankind.” Why doesthe author say this?

Answer:
1.
The atmosphere at Pashupatinath temple was one of noise, chaos and confusion.Worshippers were trying to get the priest’s attention; others were pushing their wayto the front; saffron5clad Westerners were trying to enter the temple; monkeys werefighting and adding to the general noise; a corpse was being cremated on the banksof the river Bagmati; washerwomen were at their work, while their children werebathing. In contrast, the Baudhnath stupa was “a haven of quietness in the busystreets around”. There was a sense of stillness and serenity about the Buddhistshrine.
2. Along Kathmandu’s narrowest and busiest streets, there were small shrines andflower5adorned deities. Apart from these, there were fruit sellers, flute sellers,hawkers of postcards, shops selling Western cosmetics, film rolls, chocolate, copperutensils and Nepalese antiques. The author heard film songs that were blaring outfrom the radios, sounds of car horns and bicycle bells, vendors shouting out theirwares. He also saw a flute seller with many bansuris. He contrasts the serene musicproduced by the flute seller with the cries of the hawkers.
3. The author considers flute music to be “the most universal and most particular” ofall music. There is no culture that does not have its flute. Each kind of flute has aspecific fingering and compass, and “weaves its own associations”. Still, for theauthor, to hear any flute is “to be drawn into the commonality of all mankind”. Inspite of their differences, every flute produces music with the help of the humanbreath. Similarly, in spite of the differences in caste, culture, religion, region, allhuman beings are the same, with the same living breath running through all of them.

Question 1:
Read the following sentences carefully to understand the meaning of the italicisedphrases. Then match the phrasal verbs in Column A with their meanings in ColumnB.
1. A communal war broke out when the princess was abducted by the neighbouring prince.
2. The cockpit broke off from the plane during the plane crash.
3. The car broke down on the way and we were left stranded in the jungle.
4. The dacoit broke away from the police as they took him to court.
5. The brothers broke up after the death of the father.
6. The thief broke into our house when we were away.

 A B
(i)break out(a)to come apart due to force
(ii)break off(b)end a relationship
(iii)break down(c)break and enter illegally; unlawful trespassing
(iv)break away
(from someone)
(d)of start suddenly, (usually a fight, a war or a disease)
(v)break up(e)to escape from someone’s grip
(vi)break into(f)stop working

 Answer:

 A B
(i)break out(d)of start suddenly, (usually a fight, a war or a disease)
(ii)break off(a)to come apart due to force
(iii)break down(f)stop working
(iv)break away
(from someone)
(e)to escape from someone’s grip
(v)break up(b)end a relationship
(vi)break into(c)break and enter illegally; unlawful trespassing


Question 2:
1. Use the suffixes −ion or −tion to form nuns from the following verbs. Make the necessary changes in the spellings of the words.
Example: proclaim − proclamation

cremate _____________act ________________exhaust ___________
invent _______________tempt ______________immigrate __________
direct _______________meditate ____________imagine ____________
dislocate _____________associate _____________dedicate ____________

 2. Now fill in the blanks with suitable words from the ones that you have formed.
(i) Mass literacy was possible only after the ___________ of the printing machine.
(ii) Ramesh is unable to tackle the situation as he lacks ____________.
(iii) I could not resist the _____________ to open the letter.
(iv) Hardwork and ___________are the main keys to success.
(v) The children were almost fainting with ______________after being made to
 stand in the sun.

Answer:

cremate : cremationact : actionexhaust : exhaustion
invent : inventiontempt : temptationimmigrate : immigration
direct : directionmeditate : meditationimagine : imagination
dislocate : dislocationassociate : associationdedicate : dedication

2.
(i) Mass literacy was possible only after the invention of the printing machine.
(ii) Ramesh is unable to tackle the situation as he lacks direction.
(iii) I could not resist the temptation to open the letter.
(iv) Hardwork and dedication are the main keys to success.
(v) The children were almost fainting with exhaustion after being made to stand in the sun.

Question 3:
Punctuation
Use capital letter, full stops, question marks, commas and inverted commas
wherever necessary in the following paragraph.
an arrogant lion was wandering though the jungle one day he asked the tiger who is stronger than you you O lion replied the tiger who is more fierce than a leopard asked the lion you sir replied the leopard he marched upto an elephant and asked the same question the elephant picked him up in his trunk swung him in the air and threw him down look said the lion there is no need to get mad just because you don’t know the answer

Answer:
An arrogant lion was wandering through the jungle. One day, he asked the tiger,
“Who is stronger than you?” “You, O lion!” replied the tiger. “Who is more fierce than a leopard?” asked the lion. “You sir,” replied the leopard. He marched up to an elephant and asked the same question. The elephant picked him up in his trunk, swung him in the air, and threw him down. “Look,” said the lion, “there is no need to get mad just because you don’t know the answer.”

Question 4:
1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets.

(i) The heart is a pump that ___________ (send) the blood circulating through our body. The pumping action ____________ (take place) when the left ventricle of the heart ____________ (contract). This ____________ (force) the blood out into the arteries, which __________ (expand) to receive the oncoming blood.

(ii) The African lungfish can live without water for up to four years. During drought, it _________ (dig) a pit and ___________ (enclose) itself in a capsule of slime and earth, leaving a tiny opening for air. The capsule ____________ (dry) and _____________ (harden), but when rain ___________(come), the mud ___________ (dissolve) and the lungfish ___________ (swim) away.

(iii) Mahesh: We have to organise a class party for our teacher. ____________ (Do) anyone play an instrument?
Vipul: Rohit _________ (play) the flute.
Mahesh: __________ (Do) he also act?
Vipul: No, he __________ (compose) music.
Mahesh: That’s wonderful!


Answer:
(i) The heart is a pump that sends the blood circulating through our body. The pumping action takes place when the left ventricle of the heart contracts. This forces the blood out into the arteries, which expands to receive the oncoming blood.
(ii) The African lungfish can live without water for up to four years. During drought, it digs a pit and encloses itself in a capsule of slime and earth, leaving a tiny opening for air. The capsule dries and hardens, but when rain comes, the mud dissolves and the lungfish swims away.
(iii) Mahesh: We have to organise a class party for our teacher. Does anyone play an instrument?
Vipul: Rohit plays the flute.
Mahesh: Does he also act?
Vipul: No, he composes music.
Mahesh: That’s wonderful!

Download NCERT Solutions for class 9 English

Chapter 10 Kathmandu

(Link of Pdf File is given below at the end of the Questions list)

In this pdf file you can see answers of following Questions


Question 1:
Answer these questions in one or two words or in short phrases.
1. Name the two temples the author visited in Kathmandu.
2. The writer says, “All this I wash down with Coca Cola.” What does ‘all this’ refer to?
3. What does Vikram Seth compare to the quills of a porcupine?
4. Name five kinds of flutes.
Question 2:
Answer each question in a short paragraph.
1. What difference does the author note between the flute seller and the otherhawkers?
2. What is the belief at Pashupatinath about the end of Kaliyug?
3. The author has drawn powerful images and pictures. Pick out three examples each of
(i) the atmosphere of ‘febrile confusion’ outside the temple of Pashupatinath (forexample: some people trying to get the priest’s attention are elbowed aside…)
(ii) the things he sees
(iii) the sounds he hears

Question 3:
Answer the following questions in not more than 100 − 150 words each.
1. Compare and contrast the atmosphere in and around the Baudhnath shrine with the Pashupathinath temple.
2. How does the author describe Kathmandu’s busiest streets?
3. “To hear any flute is to be drawn into the commonality of all mankind.” Why doethe author say this?

Question 1:
Read the following sentences carefully to understand the meaning of the italicised phrases. Then match the phrasal verbs in Column A with their meanings in Column B.
1. A communal war broke out when the princess was abducted by the neighbouring prince.
2. The cockpit broke off from the plane during the plane crash.
3. The car broke down on the way and we were left stranded in the jungle.
4. The dacoit broke away from the police as they took him to court.
5. The brothers broke up after the death of the father.
6. The thief broke into our house when we were away.
Question 2:
1. Use the suffixes −ion or −tion to form nuns from the following verbs. Make the necessary changes in the spellings of the words.
Example: proclaim − proclamation

2. Now fill in the blanks with suitable words from the ones that you have formed.
(i) Mass literacy was possible only after the ___________ of the printing machine.
(ii) Ramesh is unable to tackle the situation as he lacks ____________.
(iii) I could not resist the _____________ to open the letter.
(iv) Hardwork and ___________are the main keys to success.
(v) The children were almost fainting with ______________after being made tostand in the sun.
Question 3:
Punctuation
Use capital letter, full stops, question marks, commas and inverted commaswherever necessary in the following paragraph. an arrogant lion was wandering though the jungle one day he asked the tiger who isstronger than you you O lion replied the tiger who is more fierce than a leopardasked the lion you sir replied the leopard he marched upto an elephant and askedthe same question the elephant picked him up in his trunk swung him in the air andthrew him down look said the lion there is no need to get mad just because you don’tknow the answer

Question 4:
1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets.
(i) The heart is a pump that ___________ (send) the blood circulating through our body. The pumping action ____________ (take place) when the left ventricle of the heart ____________ (contract). This ____________ (force) the blood out into the arteries, which __________ (expand) to receive the oncoming blood. (ii) The African lungfish can live without water for up to four years. During drought, it _________ (dig) a pit and ___________ (enclose) itself in a capsule of slime and earth, leaving a tiny opening for air. The capsule ____________ (dry) and _____________ (harden), but when rain ___________(come), the mud ___________ (dissolve) and the lungfish ___________ (swim) away. (iii) Mahesh: We have to organise a class party for our teacher. ____________ (Do) anyone play an instrument? Vipul: Rohit _________(play) the flute. Mahesh: __________ (Do) he also act? Vipul: No, he __________ (compose) music. Mahesh: That’s wonderful!

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